Friday, 21 March 2008

Country Profile: Bulgaria

Bulgaria (Republic of Bulgaria) is around 110,910 km² in size. The capital is Sofia. It lies in the Balkans with Turkey and Greece lie to the south, Romania to the north and Serbia and Macedonia to the west. To the east is the Black Sea with a coastline of some 354km. Besides the coastal habitats, there are some inland lowlands but ultimately, Bulgaria is a mountainous country. The highest peak is Musala (2925m) in the Rila range. For most birders from western Europe the key breeding birds will include Levant Sparrowhawk, Eurasian Griffon Vulture, Wallcreeper, Pied Wheatear, Semi-collared Flycatcher, Paddyfield Warbler and Rose-coloured Starling. All 10 species of European woodpecker occur, too. In winter there are large numbers of geese on the Black Sea coast, Greater White-fronts and often large numbers of Red-breasted Geese. On migration 250,000 White Storks and 3000 Great White Pelicans are estimated to pass through, mainly along the Black Sea coast. The main bird conservation organisation is the BSPB (Bulgarian Society for the Protection of Birds).

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